The WmiPrvSE is an composition of Windows Management Instrumentation Provider Service and the task manager mentions it as WMI Provider Host. WMI is a collection of APIs that a developer needs for interaction with windows Machine. Normally you can use the windows Management Interface with the scripts to collect the data from windows or to change some of the windows setting. It is an platform for all the Windows OS to manage or control the data & operations locally & also with remote devices. Microsoft make it possible to use WMI in all the Operating Systems through the use of WBEM. WBEM is an internet standard based protocol that is useful to implement various system management technology & combine it with the interface to manage an application within OS. In the Windows 8.1 or 10 you can see to locate WMI Provider host working as an process named as WmiPrvSE.exe. When you navigate to the task manager for switching the process locator, it is shown as component of Web Based Enterprise System & also the CIM which is called as Common Information Model of Microsoft Operations Manager of Windows or in short MOM.
What Is WMI Provider Host (Detailed)
WMI is an important service to manage the applications without WMI process. If WMI has stopped working many of the functionalities of system will useless. Due to stopping these services candidates might not able to receive notification alerts for many errors.
In some other words we can also say that without running WmiPrvSE managing the Windows application is very difficult. It host all the services and allow the essential management services to run. Users & admin also don’t like to get notifications when errors occure.
In Windows Server process has an problem of post release that causes the server with overtaxed CPU utilization. Other incidents where users report for high CPU usage involving the process has found as virus with the copied name of legitimate process.
IS WmiPrvSE.exe a Virus?
The Windows Management Instrumentation Provider Service Process is discovered in the folder Windows/System32. Malware can use this name & place for themselves as an mask in any of the director folders. Thus to remove the possibilities , So to check the properties of the file & scan it with the antivirus.
The Process Scheduling is most important among all the functionalities of operating system. The Microsoft Operating System is that important part of windows operating system that organize event & analytics as well as dispatcher.
WmiPrvSE.exe High CPU Usage on Windows
If you see Windows Management Instrumentation using high cpu then you have to Run Services.msc and restart the WMI services and check if it works. If this solution does not works then you have to try the below suggestions.
Run System Maintenance Trouble shooter. To run this service open run (window key + R) & then type this as it is.
Msdt.exe –id MaintenanceDiagnostic
Or Run System Performance Trouble shooter. To do this open cmd (command prompt) and type this as same and press enter to run performance troubleshooter.
Msdt.exe /id PerformanceDiagnostic
This settings are helpful for the user to adjust settings to improve the performance of OS speed and performance.
Starting Booting the system in Safe Mode with networking. If the system is working fine in safe mode. Then you need to perform Clean Boot. You may need to follow the different process to start Windows 10 in Safe Mode. Once done select the option to start system in ‘Safe Mode With Networking’. So boot in the clean boot state & then try and troubleshoot. Recognize & isolate the process manually. Once the work is completed set the system to start normally.
Generally these steps resolve the issues of high CPU Usage because of Windows Management Instrumentations Provider Host. In case the issue is not fixed to identify the offending procedure you can also use the Event Viewer then use it for identify errors.
Click Window +X menu & select event viewer. Hit on view menu & Select Show Analytic and Debug Logs. Then under Applications & service Logs -> Microsoft-> Windows-> WMI Activity. Navigate optional log for WMI Provider host. Here seek out the possible bugs or errors & note down the client process ID.
Then Open Task Manager -> Services tab -> PID to arrange processes by PID. Find all the process that causes WMI for access CPU usage.
Among Various Functionalities of Operating System process scheduling is most important. MOM & SCOM are working units of Windows operating system that works as Event & Analytics Composer and dispatcher also. Analytics & event organizer keep checking the events that occurs in the computer system. Analytics Organizer manages the resources & as dispatcher it handover the processes to execute in the multiprogramming environment by context switching. It has various other responsibilities attached with the processes such as security permission for the processes. Such as System Diagnostics, Data Reliability, Reporting & Performance Monitoring or other activities.
The IT infrastructure vary at many levels like configuration, vendors, or standard of manufacturing etc. WBEM is an protocol that is based on internet standard that helps to execute the system management technology & combine to interface to manage the applications within operating system. Microsoft executes all its operating systems with help of WBEM. WMI also works as common interface provider & an object model which is used to access the information characterizing the OS services & devices and user applications. Stopping WmiPrvSE.exe is not required for Windows based software ,it may results in unexpected behaviour of such dependent applications.
A great no of other services are also depends on the WMI provider host. If WMI disabled it ends up the termination of the dependent services or these services couldn’t start altogether.
Whether to Stop Windows Management Instrumentation Provide Host or Not on Windows ?
Winmgmt.exe is available in c:\windows\system32\wbem folder. If you see the another copy of winmgmt.exe in another location in computer system then possibly it is an virus or Trojan. In that case you have to clean it with the Windows repair tool.
In order to run the windows properly WmiprvSE.exe services not required to stop . Although Windows Operating System would not shut down or crash after Stopping WMI. But there are various other services that might depends on WMI Provider host services.
Issues or unusual behaviour of CPU Usage might be caused due to applications associated with WMI or various other reasons. But the users need to resolve the issues by the following methods:
- Restart WMI Services
- Restart Related Services
- Remove Malware/Adware or
- Uninstall Process Under Event Viewer
It is important to keep down the program that creates issues on CPU Usage with an particular WMI Process & uninstall the offender applications
If WMI Provider host still reducing the CPU Resources then you need to narrow down the specific application that pressurize the WMI to function abnormally. Below are the steps that find the reasons that causes the undesirable situation of High CPU Usage.
- Click Window key & X together. Now open Event Viewer and then turn on ‘Show Analytics & Debug Logs’.
- In the left side pane, go to applications & services logos-> Microsoft-> Windows-> Wmi-Activity.
- In WMI-Activity choose the suitable options.
- In Right Pane you will see a list of bugs . click on error.
- Once you click on error you can see the specification and details of that error. Then Move Down to ‘Client Process ID=’.
- Now go to task manager & click on Services. Match the PID with the services in list & disable it.
- In Last go to Control Panel & uninstall the associated program under program & features.
WMI Provider Host Conclusion:-
WmiPrvSE.exe is invented by Microsoft & it is a safe process that is required to for windows to running all the functionalities in a proper way. It may not messed or shut down with but performing these process would not cause catastrophic failure of the system. Under the general conditions, it has small footprints & only running the processes when you first launch the Windows. If the process is creating issues it seems like a virus with duplicate name.